TRACKING the Federal Budget & Appropriations IDEA Grants to States for FY 2025

This Balance Sheet tracks the Federal budget and appropriations process for IDEA funds for FY 2025 which covers the period of October 1, 2024 – September 30, 2025.

BUDGET & APPROPRIATIONS PROCESS: The first step in this process is the release of the President’s Budget Request, followed by activities of the Appropriations Committees in the Senate and the House of Representatives, formulations of Appropriations bills that are approved by the committees, then advance to full Senate and House, enactment of a conferenced appropriations bill that is signed into law by the President.

March 11, 2024: President’s FY 2025 Budget Request includes $15.4 billion for grants to states, a 1.3% increase over FY 2024, as follows:
– $14.4 billion for IDEA Part B Sec. 611 Grants to States (a 1.4% increase over the FY 24 appropriation);
– $425 million for IDEA Part B Sec. 619 Grants to States (a 1.2% increase over FY 24 appropriation);
– $545 million for IDEA Part C Grants to States (a .9% increase over FY 24 appropriation).

The Budget estimates that 7.9 million children with disabilities (ages 3-21) will be served under IDEA Part B and 525,000 will be served under Part C (infants and toddlers) in 2025. The Budget also estimates fully funding IDEA in FY25 would cost $46.317 billion, resulting in a $31 billion gap between current funding levels and “full funding.”

The President’s FY 2025 Budget Request details are available here.

See Understanding IDEA Full Funding for more information.

National PTA: The Federal Appropriations and Budget Process



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